Leading-Edge Law: 10 things to know about the new patent law

By: Times-Dispatch Staff

Source: www2.timesdispatch.com

President Barack Obama recently signed legislation that makes big changes to patent law.

Here's a list of interesting things about it:

The new law is 150 pages long and is vague in many parts. It will take about a decade of judicial interpretation to make it as clear as our old patent law, and that old law lacked clarity in many places.

The new law embraces the view that our patent system has been issuing bad patents — patents on items that aren't patentable, including things that aren't new or that were obviously from existing technology.

The new law creates several enlarged or new obstacles to getting a patent — opportunities for others to show the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office that your technology isn't really new or that it's just an obvious improvement. This will make it harder to get broad patent protection in well-established technology fields. Some contend the new law will make it harder for technology startups to get funding.

"Business method patents" get singled out for extra scrutiny. Anyone who gets sued on such a patent generally will be able to get that case stayed while the Patent Office reviews the patent.

Congress implicitly determined that this technological field has seen a disproportional number of bad patents. The definition of what constitutes a "business method" unfortunately is vague.

The new law moves us to a system in which the first inventor to file an application for an invention will get the patent, which is different from our current system in which the first person to invent something gets the patent even if that person is not the first to file a patent application on it.

This move to a "first inventor to file" system will pressure inventors to file patent applications faster. Also, it will pressure inventors to file a continual stream of "provisional patent applications," which essentially are placeholders for the future filing of full applications.

The law increases the risk that an inventor's disclosure of the invention to others before filing a patent application may unleash a chain of events that would kill that inventor's patent rights.

Many inventors will be wise to get a patent application filed before disclosing the invention to the public or, if extra cautious, even to potential business partners.

If Congress keeps its nonbinding promise, the Patent and Trademark Office will now be allowed to keep all of the fees paid by patent applicants and owners.

In the past, Congress diverted a lot of these fees to other federal expenditures. This denied the patent office money it needed to do its work and caused a massive backlog of patent applications.

The law creates a fast-track for patent application review for those willing to pay a $4,800 surcharge and to abide by some restrictions.

This surcharge is discounted for smaller applicants. Yet paying for the fast-track doesn't exempt you from someone asserting to the patent office that your invention isn't really new or that it's an obvious improvement. You might pay extra and still get bogged down in the patent office for years.

If you sell an item covered by one or more patents, it's a good idea to put the patent numbers on the item, in order to position yourself to claim damages should someone infringe on your patents.

But patents expire after a while. The new law permits companies to give notice of their patents on a website instead.